NASA has found a new sort of aurora brightening up the skies over the Red Planet—however, as they rebound over the day side of the planet, they would be a bit hard to observe. The Maven spacecraft has dotted strange lightning incidents in the hydrogen gas of upper atmosphere of Mars, divulging the interaction of particles flooding the area.
However, unlike the auroras of Earth, which are brought in by electrons, the brightening actions on Mars are originated by protons influx. Now researchers have discovered how these atypical phenomena happen, proposing it all amounts to “stolen” electrons.
At first, researchers were puzzled by the bizarre Martian auroras that demonstrated protons were capable of traveling beyond the magnetic “bow shock” of Mars and emit light—generally something that needs electrons. Scientists studied the occurrence using Imaging UltraViolet Spectrograph of Maven, disclosing moments where UV light would lighten for hours on end.
These happen as the Solar Wind Ion Analyzer of craft recorded a boost up in the solar wind protons. The protons, as per NASA, are capable of acting in this manner by “pinching” electrons on their entrance. These strange proton auroras happen far more often on Mars compared to they do on Earth, as per the professionals. This is majorly owing to the strong magnetic field of the Earth.
When they do occur on rare time, this is observed in small areas close to the poles. In contrast, at Mars, proton auroras can fundamentally occur anywhere, as said by NASA.
In another report, Mars is anticipated to emerge brighter and larger than standard on July 27, and visitors can see Mars take its close at the SkyWatch program of Carnegie Science Center. The July 27 event at the Buhl Planetarium and Observatory of science center will provide stargazers an opportunity to see Mars through specialized grade telescopes.